Chesapeake Bay Gateways and Watertrails Program – Funding for Public Access on the John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail
The National Park Service’s Chesapeake Bay Gateways and Watertrails program is the most important federal program supporting public access in the Chesapeake Bay. The Chesapeake Conservancy is fighting to protect funding so there are more places to access and learn about this national treasure in our own backyard.
The Chesapeake Bay has a public access deficit.
- There are 11,684 miles of shoreline in the Chesapeake Bay; however, 98% of the Chesapeake’s shoreline is privately owned.
- 18 million people reside in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, and 10 million people live along or near the shoreline.
- Because so much of the land is privately held, there are limited opportunities for people to get out on the water and experience the natural beauty of Chesapeake Bay.
The Gateways program is essential to expanding public access sites in the Chesapeake Bay.
The program was established by Congress in 1998 to help the National Park Service and its partners connect people to the Chesapeake Bay and its rivers. NPS uses Gateways funding to provide technical and financial assistance to communities along the Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail that helps them access the trail. They accomplish this through physical infrastructure (such as kayak and boat launches, fishing piers) and interpretive infrastructure (such as signage).
Through the National Park Service, Gateways has provided more than $13 million in technical and financial assistance for more than 300 projects in communities along the Chesapeake Trail.
The Gateways program assists with development and enhancement of:
- Physical infrastructure (kayak and boat launches, fishing piers)
- Interpretive infrastructure (signage, exhibits, and other media)
- Youth education programs
Outdoor Recreation is a booming industry.
Table listing annual consumer spending, wages and salaries, state and local tax revenue, and direct jobs generated by the outdoor industry in Pennsylvania, Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware.
|State||Consumer Spending||Wages and Salaries||State/Local Tax Revenue||Direct Jobs|
|Pennsylvania||$21.5 billion||$7.2 billion||$1.6 billion||219,000|
|Virginia||$13.6 billion||$3.9 billion||$923 million||138,000|
|Maryland||$9.5 billion||$2.8 billion||$686 million||85,000|
|Delaware||$4 billion||$1.1 billion||$304 million||39,000|
(Source: Outdoor Industry Association)
Pennsylvania – Susquehanna Heritage Zimmerman Center
$100K grant from NPS helped Zimmerman leverage $1.4 million of other money to complete a water trail access guide in 2003, followed by 21 interpretive panels up and down the Susquehanna River. Later grants supported building restoration to cater to visitors, programming for informational lectures, and the creation of a boat launch and dock.
Virginia – Menokin
NPS created access to local creek and soft launch. Funding supported planning and design ($70K) and a second grant ($100K) supported construction and implementation of a canoe/kayak access, construction of an access road and parking, and interpretive signage. Having access to the creek has allowed Menokin to enhance its environmental education program and create new partnerships.
Maryland – Sultana Education Foundation
The Gateways program allowed Sultana to create an education program centered on the Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail. They host 10,000 K-12 students each year who learn about the environmental science & history of the Chesapeake Bay.